Quick Answer: What Are The 4 Types Of Non Communicable Disease?

What are the risk factors of non communicable diseases?

Metabolic and behavioral risk factors are the most common causes of noncommunicable diseases.

The most important risk factors include smoking, blood pressure, unhealthy food diet, inactivity, overweight and obesity, hypercholestrolemia, diabetes and blood sugar and alcohol (1)..

Which of the following is not communicable disease?

Diseases such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes mellitus, which are not caused by infectious agents and are not transmitted between people, are called non-communicable diseases.

Is hypertension a non communicable disease?

Hypertension: The most important non communicable disease risk factor in India.

What are 3 examples of non infectious diseases?

Examples of Noninfectious DiseasesCystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic noninfectious disease. … Cancer. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. … Cardiovascular Disease. … Type 2 Diabetes.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

How do you prevent NCDs?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What is a non infectious disease next Give 5 examples?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.

How do non communicable diseases affect the world?

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the global burden of disease. NCDs cause and perpetuate poverty while hindering economic development in low- and middle-income countries.

What are the agencies responsible for non communicable disease prevention and control?

Disease Prevention and Control BureauInfectious Diseases for Elimination Division (IDED) … Infectious Diseases for Prevention and Control Division (IDPCD) … Environmental-Related Diseases Division (ERDD) … Occupational Diseases Division (ODD) … Essential Non-Communicable Diseases Division (ENCDD) … Lifestyle-Related Diseases Division (LRDD)More items…•

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are the symptoms of non communicable diseases?

A chronic disease caused by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of joints.Most serious of the most common forms.Joints become deformed and often no longer function normally.Joints affected: hands, feet, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees, hips, and ankles.It is usually symmetrical in the body: both hands will hurt.More items…

Is obesity a non communicable disease?

obesity is associated with an elevated risk of several major non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, asthma, and several cancers.

Which NCD is projected to cause the most deaths by 2030?

CVDs are the #1 cause of death globally. Over 80% CVD deaths occur in low- and middle- income countries. By 2030, almost 25 million people will die from CVDs.

What is the most common non contagious disease?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

What is mean by non communicable disease?

Non-Communicable Disease. (NCD): Definition. (WHO, 2011) Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person.

Is asthma a non communicable disease?

Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

What is non communicable diseases with examples?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

Why are deficiency diseases called non communicable diseases?

These are called non-communicable diseases: Inherited genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis can be passed to offspring but not to anyone else. Deficiency diseases which are caused by a lack of essential vitamins or minerals , such as scurvy which occurs when an individual has insufficient vitamin C.